Moist Deciduous Groves


This community occupies a narrow belt adjacent to the south side of the Douglas-fir woods, and a few shallow depressions in the generally level grassy area south of Dallas Road. These depressions tend to flood temporarily in Winter, but air dry in Summer.

The community is transitional in aspect between the above two woodland types, but lacks conifers except for scattered Grand Fir, Douglas-fir and young Western Red-cedar in the belt adjacent to the Douglas-fir woods. Elsewhere, occasional Black Cottonwoods stand above a low-canopy wood made up mainly of Aspen, Scouler's Willow and Bitter Cherry (Prunus emarginata).

Small Garry oaks also occur. This community is invaded by English Elm, English Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna), Holly (Ilex aquifolium) and Ivy. Important understorey shrubs include Red Osier Dogwood, Nootka Rose, Salmonberry, Hardhack (Spiraea douglasii) and Morck-orange; and Snowberry occupies a bordering fringe. Characteristic herbaceous ground cover plants include Evergreen Sedge (Carex obnupta) and Cleavers (Galium aparine).




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